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ENG 102: English Comp (Kradinova): Citing Images and Videos in APA format

Google and Google Images are search engines not sources. They point you to information and images that exist on the internet. In order to cite the images you might find using Google Images, you must visit the page where Google found the original image. Click the "visit" button to the right of the image. If you cannot find enough information to cite the image, find a more credible image.Visit Image Button


Simon Fraser University has a good example of how to incorporate images into your paper - you need to fully describe each image and refer to each figure by its number (Figure 1 for example).

Citing Images in APA Simon Fraser


Basic Format for an Electronic Image

Author (Role of Author). (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of work], Retrieved from URL (address of website)

Note: If you can only find the screen name of an author (such as a photographer on Flickr), that will do as the author's name.

If the screen name is all lowercase, keep the name lowercase in the in-text citation and the references list.


Electronic Image (No Author)

Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created). Retrieved from URL (address of website)


Electronic Image (No Author, No Title, No Date)

Many images found on the Web are of this category, but you should still look for this missing information: try clicking on the image, and/or looking at the bottom of the image.

[Format and subject of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of website)


Specific Image Examples

Japanese Geisha [Photograph]. (2006). Retrieved from

Kulbis, M. (Photographer). (2006). Men pray [Photograph], Retrieved from

sinead-marie (Photographer). (2012). Dyslexia [Photograph], Retrieved from

[Untitled photograph of a baby chimpanzee]. Retrieved from


from Landmark College


YouTube Video

Author's last name, First Initial [screen name]. (Year, month day of upload). Title of video [Video file]Retrieved from

Greenland, B. [bryangreenland]. (2012, January 13). Funny library montage [Video file]. Retrieved from

YouTube Video, No Author 

Author's name not listed? Then list the screen name instead of the author's name and without brackets:

MezonBiz. (2007, December 16). Test yourself: Stroop effect [Video file]. Retrieved from

Motion Picture (Movie)

Producer’s Last Name, First Initial (Producer)Director’s Last Name, First Initial (Director). (Year). Video title [Motion picture]. Country of Origin: Name of Movie Studio.

Bregman, M. & Elfand, M. (Producers), & Lumet, S. (Director). (2006). Dog day afternoon [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Home Video.


Non-Fiction Video (e.g., Documentary)

Producer’s Last Name, First Initial (Producer). (Year). Video title [DVD/VHS]. Available from URL of the publisher of the video

Harrison-Hansley, M. & Sussman, A. (Producers). (2005). Living with ADHD [DVD]. Available from


from Landmark College

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